Castling is a move in the game of chess involving a king and either of the player’s rooks. At the opening of a chess game or to be on the safe side it is sometimes a good idea to move the rook in the middle of the board where action takes place and the king at the place of the rook, where it lays unharmed. This is called Castling and it is special defensive maneuver. This move was invented in the 1500s to accelerate the game and also to stabilize the offense and defense. It involves two steps and two pieces and it’s the only move in chess game when more than one piece can be moved in one go.
In tournaments there is rule established that one must move the king first, and then the rook, in order to castle.
In order to castle following few move should take place:
- Castling is possible in a chess if there are no pieces standing between the king and the rook.
- The king and the rook must be in their original positions and never have been moved. (The other rook may have already moved.)
- There can be no opposing piece that could possibly capture the king in his original square, the square he moves through or the square that he ends the turn.
- The king should not be in check
Castling consists of moving the king two squares towards a rook on the player’s first rank, then moving the rook to the square over which the king crossed. If the king castles queen-side the rook must move three squares. However on the king-side the rook only moves two.
Do not forget that you can only castle once in the whole game